A self-leveling floor is a floor covering based on polyurethane polymers, which has protective, functional, and decorative functions in a new home remodel. After application, the material forms a film that can be matte and transparent, thin and highly filled.
Types of self-leveling floors
Rough, also known as irregular, is used for leveling or repairing the subfloor. The applied layer thickness is from 1 to 8 cm, and the rule is used for leveling. The composition includes gypsum, cement, fillers, modifying additives, and other components.
Finishing compounds are characterized by a fine fraction and are easily spread in a thin layer due to their fluidity and penetrating ability. The homogeneous mass has elasticity, and the finished film can withstand mechanical stress. The self-leveling floor fills the pores of the substrate, creating a smooth screed. The type of mixture is selected depending on the characteristics of the room.
Advantages of self-leveling floors
- Wear resistance. The coating based on polyurethane is considered one of the strongest and most durable. Therefore it is used for public places with high traffic.
- Ease of installation. Acceleration of polymerization is carried out by adding hardeners that do not have side effects and do not affect the material’s structure. You just need to level and clean the base beforehand.
- Wide range of designs. The properties of polymers allow them to be painted in any color. Professionals combine several tones in one coating, add patterns and drawings, create a 3D effect.
- Moisture resistance. The zero coefficient of water absorption and steam allows self-leveling floors in showers and bathrooms, swimming pools, changing rooms, gyms, beauty salons, medical institutions, etc.
- Chemical and mechanical resistance. There are no traces of heels, carts, furniture legs on the coating. The polymer withstands aggressive detergents and various substances such as alcohol, oil, glycerin, etc. The floor does not deform under the influence of frost and temperature changes.
- Ease of maintenance. For sanitization, clean water or ordinary soap solution, as well as microfiber or a soft sponge, are used. Stubborn stains are removed with special cleaners.
Mixtures are used to level the surface and create screeds of any kind as a base for further laying floor coverings and floor heating systems. Also, polymers are used for small repairs of stairs and thresholds, creating slopes.